Such a different cough

October 14, 2022 by No Comments

Many of us are familiar with such a symptom as a cough and It is dry and with sputum, painful “barking” and in the form of “coughing”, episodic and constant. And almost every one of us, when he appears, hurries to the pharmacy for a cough pill, which does not always help.

But let’s think a little and figure out what a cough is and what diseases it can tell us about.

Cough is a symptom of many diseases of the respiratory tract and lungs. It occurs as a result of irritation of the corresponding receptors by inflammatory, mechanical, chemical and temperature factors.

Inflammatory processes include the processes occurring in the respiratory tract and lung tissue with laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia and abscess. Mechanical causes by inhalation of dust or compression of the airways (lung tumor, foreign body, granuloma, bronchospasm). Chemical by inhalation of irritating vapors, fumes, including cigarette smoke. Thermal is the inhalation of cold or hot air.

The short duration of the disease, combined with fever, suggests a viral or bacterial infection. Drainage of mucus down the back of the throat (for example, in chronic sinusitis) is a common cause of chronic cough. Changes in sputum character, color, or volume in a smoker with “smoker’s cough” need to be studied. Occupational unfavorable factors are characteristic of occupational asthma or inflammatory lung disease. Repeated pneumonia may indicate blockage of bronchial areas, especially in combination with abundant sputum, especially purulent. A change in the nature of chronic cough when smoking cigarettes makes it possible to suspect bronchogenic lung cancer.

You also need to remember that coughing has complications. These include: fainting, rupture of lung tissue and even broken ribs.

Elimination of cough requires treatment of the underlying disease. A productive cough with a significant amount of sputum should not be completely suppressed.

From all of the above, the conclusion suggests itself – you can’t just take the first drug that comes across, just because it helped a neighbor, work colleague or you in the past. There are many diseases of the respiratory tract and lungs, and the approach to treatment in different cases is fundamentally different. Therefore, when a cough occurs, it is necessary to consult a doctor for diagnosis and selection of individual therapy. Also, one should not forget about such a simple and routine research method as fluorography, which each person must undergo once a year. Often, it is she who allows you to identify at the initial stage such diseases as a tumor, tuberculosis, occupational lung disease.