You've just been told you have diabetes and your head is swirling with questions. The doctor said the most likely diagnosis is type 2 diabetes and that your symptoms will respond to proper diet and exercise.
Or perhaps you've been diagnosed with gestational diabetes. The glucose tolerance test they had you take shows your body isn't able to keep up with its increased insulin demands now that you're pregnant. How will you be able to learn everything you need to know about gestational diabetes quickly?
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. The body is unable to utilize or make enough of the hormone insulin and is exhibiting symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, lack of energy, and excessive hunger or blurred vision. In many cases, a new diet and exercise are sufficient to bring your symptoms under control. Healthier living may be all that is necessary to keep type 2 diabetes in check.
Unlike type 2, type 1 diabetes can only be brought under control by injecting insulin although several inhaled insulin treatments are under development. Diet and exercise still play an important role in managing type 1 diabetes, but are not by themselves sufficient for good control. Understanding the complex factors affecting blood sugar levels and the role of insulin in managing your diabetes is important.
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